Thousands of families in the United Kingdom suffer from damp properties. According to government surveys, 4% of England’s estimated 23 million homes reported rising damp or other damp problems in at least one room of their home.

The problem is exacerbated by the UK’s cold and damp climate, but building fabric also plays a role. And, while the antiquity of much of the housing stock can play a role in damp concerns, new dwellings can also be affected.

Living in a damp property is not only inconvenient, but it also poses health hazards. Mould can cause various symptoms, including nose stuffiness, wheezing, and eye or skin irritation. Moisture build-up in the home is hazardous for children, the elderly, and anyone with skin or respiratory disorders.

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Causes Of Wood Rot And Fungal Decay

Damp and excessive moisture in properties and structures are the main cause for rotten wood in buildings because it creates the perfect environment for rot fungus to develop.

There are two forms of fungi: wet rot and dry rot. Wet rot and dry rot are distinguished because wet rot requires a higher moisture content to thrive. The wet rot fungus prefers to develop on wood with a high moisture content of roughly 50 per cent and above, whereas dry rot germinates at a lower moisture content of around 20 per cent to 30 per cent.

There are numerous forms of wet rot fungi, but only one type of dry rot fungus. The first step in successfully eradicating the rot epidemic is distinguishing between dry and wet rot on the affected timber.

What’s Wet Rot?

As the name suggests, Wet rot demands a higher moisture level in the wood than dry rot. When the moisture level of the timber or other permeable surface reaches roughly 50%, wet rot occurs, although dry rot can form with as little as 20%. External leaks or water incursion from plumbing, guttering, stone pointing, or downpipes frequently result in the high amounts of moisture required for wet rot.

To prevent the recurrence of wet rot, the structure should be examined and repair any leaks before addressing the rot itself. Wet rot will stop forming once the moisture is gone. In most cases, the wood will need to be replaced in the afflicted region as well.

Related Links

  • What Is Wet Rot?

  • Wet Rot Vs Dry Rot

  • Symptoms Of Wet Rot

  • How To Treat Wet Rot

  • How To Prevent Wet Rot

  • Wet Rot Treatment Services in Brighton

What’s Dry Rot?

Dry rot, as previously stated, requires around 20% moisture content in the wood to begin growing. Dry rot, contrary to its name, does not thrive in dry environments. Dry rot is common in homes with excessive humidity and inadequate ventilation. Condensation on the windows is one early warning indicator. If you reside in a very damp or humid environment, ensure your home is well ventilated to avoid moisture build-up.

Moisture can come through a leak, just as it might from damp rot. In either situation, identifying and removing the source of the moisture is critical before treating the fungus. Dry rot is commonly found behind a wall or under floorboards, where it is hidden from view. It can cause major damage to wood and spread throughout the house if it is not detected early on.

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While fungicides can be used to treat dry rot, it’s always a good idea to have a surveyor analyse the full amount of the damage. To investigate, it may be required to remove plastering. As with wet rot, you’ll almost certainly need to replace any compromised wood.

Identifying The Differences Between Wet Rot And Dry Rot

Dry rot in your home is a major problem that should be addressed as soon as feasible. It is a harmful type of rot that spreads away from the source of damp and destroys timber and other property fabric. Wet rot fungus is more common than dry rot fungus, however, it is more localised. Typically, the deterioration affects the timber closest to the source of the wet. Wet rot, on the other hand, should not be overlooked. Wet rot, if left untreated, can cause serious structural damage.

The fungus Serpula Lacrymans is the only one that causes dry rot, and it is the most dangerous type of fungal deterioration in buildings. It has the ability to spread over a whole building and destroy the structure. As previously stated, dry rot can affect any exposed timber that becomes damp with a moisture content of more than 20%, which is easily achieved in a home. Wet rot and Dry rot can be caused by faulty interior plumbing or penetrating moisture produced by faulty render, guttering, or downpipes. Because it can sprout between wall coverings and beneath flooring, wet and dry rot can inflict major damage before a homeowner is even aware of a problem.

How To Identify Wet Rot

  • On wood, a black fungus may form;
  • With discolouration, the wood is likely to feel mushy and spongy to the touch;
  • If the decay has dried out, the wood will readily split and disintegrate;
  • The paint finish will be destroyed, which could indicate the presence of the wet rot fungus; nevertheless, the paint may appear to be in good condition below yet be decaying from the rear.

How To Identify Dry Rot

  • Deep fissures run across the grain of the wood, and traces of white sheets (known as mycelium growth) can often be found;
  • When the fungus is exposed to light, it takes on a lemony yellowish hue;
  • The wood will be brown in colour and crumble as a result of dry rot feeding on it;
  • Most of the time, the damage is limited to the wood, but in other circumstances, big flat mushroom-like fruiting bodies can easily grow through finishes like plaster or paint.
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Benefits Of Wood Rot Treatment

It’s critical to distinguish between the two types since, if left untreated, they can cause serious structural problems. Wet rot fungi can infect wet wood, and the wood-rotting fungus grows by breaking down the cell walls of the wood and feasting on the nutrients. This process can be extremely damaging to the construction of your home, and untreated wet rot may cause the timber to lose its structural strength as a result.

As wet rot grows, the wood loses its strength and, in certain situations, becomes extremely dangerous, not just for specific parts of the property like window frames, doorframes and ceilings. Still, if left untreated, wet rot can compromise the entire timber structure of the building.

That’s why getting a wet rot treatment done as soon as possible is critical. If you believe you have a wood rot problem in your home, please contact us for assistance. The longer a rot problem goes untreated, the more expensive it will be to fix. You should always see a surveyor if you suspect your home has dry rot or wet rot. Call local Sussex Damp Experts’ office at 01273 257 765 for help and advice on wood rot.

How is Dry Rot Treated?

The most dangerous of all the property maintenance issues that can impact your structure is dry rot. Dry rot should be diagnosed by a professional and treated as soon as possible to prevent further damage.

The following is how dry rot should be addressed:

  • A skilled dry rot surveyor will examine the property to determine the source of the damp;
  • The surveyor provides specific details on how external flaws or other factors are contributing to the damp problem;
  • All fungus decaying wood will be removed by the technicians;
  • Fungicide dry rot treatment will be applied to the dry rot-affected region;
  • Underfloor ventilation will be installed to increase the airflow in the house and prevent dry rot in the future.
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How is Wet Rot Treated?

To treat wet rot, the following steps are recommended:

  • A property care expert must do a thorough evaluation of the property and determine the source of damp;
  • After that, the surveyor will explain what is generating the wetness (penetrating damp or condensation);
  • Replace any timber that has been impacted by damp rot with new timber;
  • After that, a wood hardener and preservative would need to be applied to the surrounding region.

Wood Rot Treatments And Repairs Costs

Sussex Damp Experts has a large selection of goods and brands to choose from. Each situation has its unique set of requirements and limits, resulting in many potential procedures and strategies for treatments and repairs on rot damages. Wood rot should be treated by professionals as soon as any of the above symptoms occur because the longer it goes untreated, the worse it will get and the greater the risk it poses to the structural timbers that keep the house standing.

If you are concerned about wood rot, please contact our team of experts to schedule an inspection and obtain advice on the most cost-effective solutions. Because no two situations are alike, please get in touch with our team at 01273 257 765 to schedule a survey. One of our surveyors will come to your home and discuss your problems and requirements to provide you with a customised price.

Why Choose Sussex Damp Experts?

Sussex Damp Experts are damp proofing specialists who can assist you with everything from surveys to treatments and repairs for wood, walls, ceilings, and floors. Commercial property owners, property management businesses, and residential property owners are among our clientele.

Our rot treatment specialists will analyse and determine the severity of the damp problem in your property. Specific damp and timber treatments and rotten timber repairs using the most effective ways to address the problem are all part of our expertise.

Our professionals have obtained the training that meets or surpasses the “PCA” requirements set out by the Property Care Association. Our surveyors are all Certified Surveyors in Remedial Treatment (CSRT), guaranteeing that our customers receive the best possible service.

The following are some of the benefits of using our services:

  • Almost XX years of combined experience;
  • A welcome group of specialists with a wide range of skills;
  • Reasonable prices;
  • Any property can benefit from this service;
  • A XX year guarantee is included with all work.
  • Repairs for both dry rot and wet rot;
  • Real estate inspections;
  • A successful track record.

Call us at 01273 257 765 or email us if you are experiencing any damp problems at a property.

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